Borussia Dortmund is one of Germany’s most famous football clubs. The club is based in the city of Dortmund, Germany under the original name Ballspielverein Borussia 09 e.V. Dortmund. Dortmund is one of Germany’s most successful clubs, with 8 German league titles, losing to Bayern Munich. They also once won the Champions League Champion Trophy. Obviously the club has a long history since its inception. The following is the history of Borussia Dortmund from the beginning of the stand until its current success.
History of Borussia Dortmund
Founded in year 1909
Borussia Dortmund was first established on 19 December 1909. The founder was a group of young men who were then unhappy with the Catholic Church of Trinity Youth. They also established a football club named Borussia whose origin comes from the name of the local beer brand. The club originally wore blue and white jersey before changing in yellow-black since 1913.
Over the next few decades, the club was successful in the local league. Dortmund had been hit by financial problems in the late 20s, but it was back in the 30s. The issue of Nazi and World War II had made some of Dortmund’s high-rises out of political differences. The club was successful in the local League of Gauliga Westfalen.
After the wartime the club was merged with several other clubs to be Ballspiel-Verein Borussia (BVB) and in the national competition in 1949. Borussia Dortmund later appeared in the Oberliga West competition in the 50s. In 1956, they won their first national title followed by a winning title the following year. Dortmund also successfully won the last National Champion trophy before the Bundesliga’s formation in 1963.
In 1963 the first Bundesliga competitions were held to unite the various regional competitions in Germany. Dortmund took part in the Bundesliga. They received the first DFB Pokal in 1965. In 1966, Dortmund was the first German club to reach the European trophy, earning the Winners Cup title. The 70s of Dortmund had been stunched because of financial problems until it was relegated.
In 1974, Dortmund inaugurated a new stadium called Westfalenstadion, which was one of the largest stadiums in Germany. Nevertheless, Borussia Dortmund’s achievements did not increase. They often dwell on the board and financial problems still hit. New in 1989 they won the trophy, the DFB Pokal.
The 90s was the Golden age of Borussia Dortmund. They had been a UEFA Cup finalist in 1993 which helped stabilize the club’s financial condition. In 1995 and 1996, Dortmund received two consecutive German Bundesliga titles. It is coupled with other domestic titles such as the DFL Supercup in the years 1995 and 1996.
The peak was evident when Dortmund Red European Champions League trophy in the 1996-97 season when he handled coach Ottmar Hitzfeld. This trophy became the first and only Champions League trophy in the history of Borussia Dortmund. As Dortmund defeated the Juventus defending champion in the final with a score of 3-1. They were also successfully awarded the Intercontinental Cup 1997 trophy which marked the golden age of the club. A number of Dortmund key players in the 90s include Matthias Sammer, Karl-Heinz Riedle, Lars Ricken and Andreas Moller.
2000s financial crisis
In the 2000s, Dortmund became the first German club to be opened publicly or go public. They reached the Bundesliga Trophy in 2002 and became the runner up of the UEFA Cup in the same year. But after that they suffered drastic setbacks. Financial problems are back so cause. Many debts make Dortmund a must-seek loan in order not to go bankrupt.
Dortmund received a loan from rival club Bayern Munich. They also sell the name of the stadium to Dortmund Stadium, called Signal Iduna Park. They also had to sell some of their star players in order not to go bankrupt, such as Tomas Rosicky and David Odonkor.
Trainer Era of Jurgen Klopp
Year 2008 Jurgen Klopp comes into a new trainer. Dortmund’s achievements also increased. Die Borussien won the Bundesliga 2011 champion. The following season, Klopp took Dortmund to receive the double winners, the Bundesliga and the DFB Pokal. Dortmund also drove to the final round of the Uefa Champions League 2013, but lost to Bayern Munich in the final to bring together 2 clubs from Germany. Klopp became one of the most successful coaches in the history of Borussia Dortmund.
Some of Dortmund’s key players of the Jurgen Klopp era include Robert Lewandowski, Mario Gotze, Mats Hummels, Nuri Sahin, Ilkay Gundogan, Shinji Kagawa, Lukasz Piszczek and Roman Weidenfeller. Klopp finally withdrew in the year 2015. Dortmund became a top club in Germany and became a major competitor to Bayern in the Bundesliga each season. Dortmund also consistently competed in the UEFA Champions League and several passes to the quarter-finals.